A quail is any of the different types of small to medium-sized game birds of the genera Coturnix, Anurophasis or Perdicula. Over the years, people have explored rearing quail as a farming venture. Quail farming continues to steadily pick up momentum in various parts of the world. Quail farming is relatively hassle-free and low-cost to start. That is one of the reasons why more and more people are taking it up. Think of quail farming as a miniaturized version of poultry farming. That gives you an idea of how easier and cheaper it is to do; profitable as well. Quail farming is a very profitable business, and many people are making money all over the world by raising quail birds and selling the meat and eggs. Quails have a good taste and are regarded as highly nutritious. The quail eggs are packed with a lot of essential nutrients needed by the body. Quail eggs are more nutritious than chicken eggs. The demand for quail birds and quail eggs is high . Quails can be raised for meat, or for laying eggs, or both. However, to build a successful, sustainable Quail poultry farming business, you require sufficient knowledge of how to efficiently raise the birds, good management skills, and a good quail farming business plan. This article will outline how to start a Quail farming business, and the quail farming business plan (PDF, Word and Excel).
Quail poultry farming is a lucrative business, but there are some essential decisions you need to make before you venture into the business. You have to decide on the size of your project i.e. the number of quail birds you want to keep per cycle; location of the business, products (eggs, meat or both), and your target market. These choices will be affected by the amount of capital you have, and the needs your target market. If you do not have a lot of capital, you can always start small and grow your business overtime. You also need to carry out market research (Who are you going to sell the quail birds to? At what price?) and write a business plan before you venture into the business of raising quails.
Quails are raised primarily for meat and egg production. Those are the direct revenue streams you can focus on. However, there are other diversifications you can consider – just like it is in poultry production. For instance, you can realize revenue from selling fertilized eggs. You can also make money from selling day old chicks. In most parts of the world, quail farming is not yet widespread. In some places, quail farming is not yet existent. As such, that creates a market for fertilized eggs and day old chicks. You can even go further to doing training on quail farming programs where people pay to participate. Another possible, but less widespread use of quail is as pets. That means you can sell quail to people looking to have them as pets or for ornamental purposes in general.
Land, Housing and Equipment
The kind of housing you need and the size of the land will depend on the size of your quail farming project. When choosing the location for your quail farming business, you have to balance the need for proximity to the market, with the cost of land, labor costs, security, and a good water supply. When you are planning to construct a quail house, you have to select a site which is well-drained with plenty of natural air movement. The right housing should have proper ventilation and the right lighting. Ventilation is necessary so that adequate air exchange can take place. Lighting stimulates quail birds to lay eggs. If you want to produce eggs year-round, you will need to install adequate lighting in your facility. You should have equipment including brooders(for the quail chicks) , feeders, drinkers and lighting system. You will also need Quail cages, which is where you will keep the mature quail birds and the layers. If you purchase layer cages as housing for your quail layers, the layer cages will already have the laying nests, feeders, drinkers etc. The costs of housing and equipment should be included in your quail farming business plan.
Sex Consideration In Quail Housing
The sex of the quail plays a huge role in how you house them. If you intend on breeding quail, you must keep the quail following a ratio of 1 male: 3 females. If you want to keep quail mixed then the ratio should be 1 male: 4 females. As for monosex quail farming, for males it should be in twos. For females you can keep them many without any issue, however reasonable spacing is vital.
Type Of Quail Housing To Consider
There are two common and easy options to pick from for housing your quail. These are cages and hutches; you can make them (do it yourself – DIY). Alternatively, you can purchase readymade ones. There is a third option which we can term forage-oriented quail housing. This can exclusively be a housing structure that encloses the quail but leaving them room to forage. The other method is that you can tweak a cage or hutch into a forage-oriented setup.
Quail housing is usually done in the form of cages. You can always use your discretion in the space you allow per quail. Regardless, the recommended minimum space per quail should be 20 square feet. The height can be anything from 1 foot going up. Such spacing will allow the quail to have free horizontal and vertical movement. This is also a good place to mention about ventilation and natural light. These two conditions must be abundantly available for optimum quail growth. That is why the use of mesh is ideal.
Day old Quail Chicks
You need day old chicks to start your quail farming business. After getting experience, you may then hatch your own quail chicks, which will greatly reduce your expenses as you will no longer need to buy day old quail chicks. You should purchase your day old quail chicks from a reliable accredited hatchery or company where the parent stocks are well managed. If you are new to the quail farming business, you should enquire from other farmers to hear where they buy their chicks from. The success of your quail farming business will partly depend on the quality of day old chicks which you buy.
There are well over 130 different types of quail species. Quail fall under two broad categories or families. These are the Phasianidae family and the Odontophoridae family. The former is what is referred to as Old World quail. The latter is the New World quail. Some of the notable Phasianidae family quail are Harlequin, Rain, and Common. Bobwhite, Mountain, and California are some of the notable Odontophoridae family quail. Your choice of quail species should not just be based on the family. You must consider the specific characteristics of a quail species.
Remember that quail are primarily reared for meat and eggs. Thus ideally you would want quail species with exceptional qualities regarding that. For meat and egg production from quail, the Coturnix species is the best also known as Japanese Quail, Pharoah Quail and Jumbo Coturnix Quail. The Japanese quail matures faster than other quail breeds. At maturity, it weighs between 120grams – 160grams. Other highly recommended quail species are Blue-breasted, Button Quail, Bobwhite, Chinese Quail, Gambel’s, Mearn’s, Mountain, Scaled, California, Manipur Bush, Jungle Bush, English White, and British Range. In general, despite even being a meat or egg species, most quail can be used for pet, bird gaming, and ornamental purposes.
Feeding is important so as to increase the production of meat and eggs from quails. Lack of feed or water will reduce resistance to diseases and parasites, and subsequently increase flock mortality. You have to feed the quail chicks with Starter mash. When they are mature, you can then give them finisher feed or layers mash, depending on whether you are raising the quails for eggs production or for meat. There are companies which produce and sell quail feeds. You can also feed quail birds with the same feed used for chickens. You can also make your own home made quail feeds. Quails should be provided with sufficient water. Quails need water for temperature regulation, waste removal, digestion of nutrients, and lubrication of joints. Water deprivation can cause weight loss, dehydration and, ultimately, death.
Management and Labour
The number of farm workers you need will depend on the size of your quail farming project. If you are running a small business, you and your family may be enough to take care of the quails. However, if you are rearing 5000 quail birds per cycle, you will need full time employees to manage the quails. There is need for good technical knowledge of quail farming techniques for success in the business. You also need good management skills.
The amount of capital required for a quail farming business depends on the scale of the project. Sources of capital include bank loans, and equity investors. When raising capital, a good quail farming business plan is required. Don’t have access to capital? Start small, and grow your business overtime! Quail farming is very profitable, so if you reinvest the profits you get, you can quickly grow.
Benefits Of Quails And Eggs
Quail eggs have a significantly higher nutritional value. Eggs from chickens are far eclipsed by quail eggs when it comes to vitamin, iron, and protein content. That is why quail eggs are given high regard with respect healthy foods. Quail also have numerous health benefits e.g. preventing or treating certain conditions. Quail eggs overall have several benefits to the human body’s immune system. Couple all that with how scarce they typically are and you realize they have high market value. The same goes for meat; quail meat is highly nutritious. Quail meat is particularly laden with zinc, iron, and calcium.
Market for Quail Eggs And Meat
The market for quail meat is high and increasing, as more people are moving towards healthier food. Quail meat is highly nutritious, delicious, and healthier. Thus, the demand for quail meat continues to rise. Quail meat is more expensive than broiler chicken meat, as quail meat is considered to be more superior.
The quail eggs are also considered to be superior to chicken eggs. Quail eggs are considered to be highly nutritious, delicious, organic, and healthier. They are also considered to have numerous health benefits. Thus, the price of quail eggs is higher than other poultry eggs. You can supply your quail meat and eggs to individual households, butchers, schools, restaurants, companies, supermarkets, organizations, events, abattoirs etc. You can sell your quails as live birds or you can slaughter and freeze them and sell them as dressed quail meat. As you grow your business, you will also be able to export your quail farming products. A proper marketing plan should be included in your quail farming business plan.
Keys To Profitability
Establish The Presence Of And The Right Target Market
Correct choice of a niche is foundational in making quail farming profitable. You must, borne out of market research, correctly establish the right target market. That way you will be able to then choose quail species that cater for that market. Remember that quail farming is not that widespread so do not do guesswork. The market for quail is extremely sparse.
Some people might not be familiar with quails. Yet there are huge benefits to be enjoyed from quail meat and eggs. This calls on you to make your promotional activities highly informational. After all, you should be striving to capture people who have never heard about quail before. The aim should be to sell the benefits e.g. superior nutritional value and other health benefits. This will be pivotal in generating leads and resulting in conversions. The bottom line is that quail farming is quite easy and low-cost. It is also apparent that quail meat and eggs have important nutritional benefits. Those two aspects indicate a lucrative business. However, you need to do some diligent work in generating leads.
Pre-Written Quail Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel): Comprehensive Version, Short Funding/Bank Loan Version and Automated Financial Statements
For an in-depth analysis of the quail farming business, we encourage you to purchase our well-researched and comprehensive Quail Meat and Quail Eggs production business plan. We introduced the business plans after discovering that many were venturing into the quail farming business without enough knowledge and understanding of how to run the business, how to keep the quail birds, lack of understanding of the financial side of the business, lack of understanding of : the industry, the risks involved , costs and profitability of the business; which often leads to disastrous losses.
The StartupBiz Global business plan will make it easier for you to launch and run your quail farming business successfully, fully knowing what you are going into, and what’s needed to succeed in the business. It will be easier to plan and budget as you will be aware of all the costs involved in setting up and running the Quail farming business.
Uses of the Quail Meat and Egg Production Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)
The Quail farming business plan can be used for many purposes including:
- Raising capital from investors/friends/relatives.
- Applying for a bank loan.
- Start-up guide to launch your Quail Meat and Quail Eggs production business
- As a project/business proposal.
- Assessing profitability of the Quail Farming business.
- Finding a business partner.
- Assessing the initial start-up costs so that you know how much to save.
- Manual for current business owners to help in business and strategy formulation.
Contents of the Quail Meat and Egg Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)
The business plan include, but not limited to:
- Marketing Strategy
- Financial Statements (monthly cash flow projections, income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, break even analysis, payback period analysis, start-up costs, financial graphs, revenue and expenses, Bank Loan Amortization)
- Risk Analysis
- Industry Analysis
- Market Analysis
- SWOT & PEST Analysis
- Operational Requirements (Including technical aspects of how to keep and rear the quails, feed requirements etc)
- Operational Strategy
- Why some people in the quail business fail, so that you can avoid their mistakes
- Ways to raise capital to start your Quail farming business
The Pre-written Quail farming business plan package consist of 4 files:
- Quail Farming Business Plan -PDF file (Comprehensive Version – 90 Pages)
- Quail Farming Business Plan – Editable Word File (Comprehensive Version – 90 Pages)
- Quail Farming Business Plan Funding/Bank Loan Version- Editable Word File (Short version for applying for a loan/funding – 42 pages)
- Quail Farming Business Plan Automated Financial Statements – (Editable Excel File)
The business plan can be used in any country and can be easily edited. The financial statements are automated. This implies that you can change eg the number of quails, selling price per quail etc, and all the other financial statements will automatically adjust to reflect the change.
Click below to download the Contents Page of the Quail Farming Business Plan (PDF)
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