Cabbage farming business has lucrative returns. Advantages of farming cabbages include: they produce high yields, can adapt to a wide range of climates, high profit margins, and need less chemical inputs as compared to other commercial crops. Many people are making money all over the world by farming cabbages. However, to build a successful, sustainable cabbage farming business, you require sufficient knowledge of how to efficiently grow the cabbages, good management skills, and a good cabbage farming business plan. This article will outline how to start the business, and the cabbage farming business plan – PDF, Word and Excel.
Cabbage farming is a lucrative business, providing income for millions of people, but there are some essential things you need to do before you venture into the business. You have to make a decision on how many hectares you want to farm, which type of cabbages you will farm, which season you are going to plant your cabbages, and your target market. These choices will be affected by the amount of capital you have, and the size of your target market. If you do not have a lot of capital, you can always start small and grow your cabbage farming business overtime. You also need to carry out market research (Who are you going to sell the cabbages to? At what price?) and write a cabbage business plan before you venture into the business.
What you need
Land for Cabbage Farming Business
Good cabbage production starts with good land selection. Cabbages can be grown on a wide range of soils but they thrive on well drained, moisture-retentive loamy soils which are well supplied with organic matter. Cabbages do not grow well on highly acidic soil. They are moderately sensitive to soil salinity. Prior to field preparation, soil and water samples should be taken and sent for analysis. The ideal soil pH ranges from 5.5 to 6.5 and it should not be allowed to fall below 4.5. In soils with pH above 6.5, the leaves become dark but leaf margins die back. Plants in saline soils are also highly susceptible to blackleg. Under salt stress, cabbage heads are generally more compact, and leaves are fleshier than under nonsaline conditions. Thus before you start farming cabbages on your farm, its essential that you check whether the soil is suitable for cabbage farming. Cabbage farming also involves extensive ground preparation. The soil needs to be harrowed until completely free of weed roots. Your business plan for cabbage production should take into account the cost of purchasing or renting the land.
Machinery and Equipment
Machinery and equipment which are required for your cabbage farming business will depend on the scale of your operations. Machinery and equipment needed include tractors, harvesters, boom sprayers, fertilizer spreader equipment, irrigation equipment, spray equipment, diggers, ridgers, bins etc. Most farmers usually hire big machinery like tractors when they want to use them, rather than purchasing them as they are expensive. There may also be need of grid hydroelectricity energy for the irrigation systems, standby diesel generators for use during power outages, or solar powered irrigation systems. Farmers especially in the rural areas who do not have the modern farming equipment use animal drawn equipment in cabbage farming. The higher the level of mechanization at your cabbage farm, the higher the efficiency of your operations, and the profitability of your cabbage farming business. The cabbage farming business plan should include the costs of acquiring and hiring the various machinery and equipment.
You require various farming inputs when doing cabbage farming. Most importantly you need the cabbage seeds or seedlings. There are several different varieties of cabbage cultivars which are used in different parts of the world. The vary in their shape, texture, pest and disease resistance, colour, yield and days to maturity. Thus before you start your cabbage farming business you have to decide which cabbage cultivar you want to use. That choice will be determined by the availability of the seeds, the yield of the seeds, the resistance to diseases of the cabbage seeds, and your target market.It is important that you purchase your cabbage seeds from certified cabbage seed suppliers. If you buy poor quality cabbage seeds, your cabbages will not grow to their full potential and you will have poor yields. You can start cabbage farming using seeds or seedlings. If you buy seeds you will have plant them in a nursery and then transplant the seedlings into the field after 4 weeks. Alternatively you can buy the seedlings from nurseries and just start by transplanting them into the field. From transplanting to maturity, cabbages take 10-18 weeks, depending on the cultivar and season. You can get a yield of 26 000 to 40 000 cabbages per hectare.
Other farming inputs required for cabbage farming business include herbicides, for effective weed control at your farm. Pesticides and fungicides are required for protecting your cabbages against insects and fungi. Fertilizers are required to support the efficient growth of your cabbages, by providing all the nutrients needed by cabbages to grow to their full potential. The costs of acquiring all these inputs should be included in your cabbage farming business plan.
When doing cabbage farming business, you will need to hire part time farm workers as and when necessary. The duties which they will do include line marking; sprouting; ploughing; planting; grading and packing; reredging; top dressing; discing ; herbiciding and pesticiding. The part time farm workers will be paid according to the number of days worked. You also require supervisors, farm manager, finance & accounting staff, and logistics staff depending on the scale of your cabbage farming business. The wages and salaries of your workers should be included in your cabbage farming business plan.
Capital for Cabbage Farming Business
The amount of capital required for cabbage farming business depends on the scale of the project. You can get a loan from the bank, or funding from investors, to use as capital to start your cabbage farming business. If you plan to raise capital from investors and a loan from the bank, you need a good cabbage farming business plan. If you don’t have access to investors and bank loan, you can use your personal savings and start small, and grow your business overtime. Cabbage farming is very profitable, so if you reinvest the profits you get, you can quickly grow. Even if you are not planning to get a loan, you should still get a cabbage farming business plan to guide you in starting and operating the business. It is essential for you to have a cabbage farming business plan before you venture into the cabbage farming business, so that you know all the costs involved and you make an informed decision.
The market for cabbages is very huge and is ever increasing. The annual global demand of cabbages is 75 million tonnes. That’s a lot! You can supply your cabbages to individual households, fruit and vegetable markets, schools, restaurants, hotels, companies, supermarkets, organizations, events etc. The cabbage business plan ought to include a proper marketing plan to use in your cabbage farming business.
Pre-Written Cabbage Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)
For an in-depth analysis of the cabbage farming business, we encourage you to purchase our well-researched and comprehensive cabbage farming business plan. We introduced the business plans after discovering that many were venturing into the cabbage production business without enough knowledge and understanding of how to run the cabbage farming business, how to farm the cabbages, lack of understanding of the financial side of the business, lack of understanding of : the industry, the risks involved , costs and profitability of the business; which often leads to disastrous losses.
The StartupBiz Global cabbage farming business plan will make it easier for you to launch and run your cabbage farming business successfully, fully knowing what you are going into, and what’s needed to succeed in the business. It will be easier to plan and budget as you will be aware of all the costs involved in setting up and running the cabbage business.
Uses of the Cabbage Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)
The cabbage business plan can be used for many purposes including:
- Raising capital from investors/friends/relatives
- Applying for a bank loan
- Start-up guide to launch your cabbage farming business
- As a cabbage farming business proposal
- Assessing profitability of the cabbage farming business
- Finding a business partner
- Assessing the initial start-up costs so that you know how much to save
- Manual for current business owners to help in business and strategy formulation
Contents of the Cabbage Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)
The cabbage business plan include, but not limited to:
- Industry Analysis
- Marketing Strategy
- Market Analysis
- Financial Statements (income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, break even analysis, payback period analysis, start-up costs, financial graphs, revenue and expenses, Bank Loan Amortization)
- Risk Analysis
- SWOT & PEST Analysis
- Operational Requirements (Including technical aspects of how to farm the cabbages, fertilizer requirements etc)
- Operational Strategy
- Why some people in cabbage farming business fail, so that you can avoid their mistakes
- Ways to raise capital to start your cabbage farming business
The Pre-written cabbage farming business plan package consist of 3 files
- Cabbage Farming Business Plan – PDF file
- Cabbage Farming Business Plan – Word File (which you can edit to fit your needs)
- Excel file with the cabbage farming financial statements (which you can edit to fit your needs)
Our premium Excel financial statements gives you the ability to input the number of hectares you want to work with, the costs which apply to your country e.t.c., and the financial statements will be automatically generated. The Excel template comes with a complete set of financial statements, with prices in US Dollars, which you have to edit, to input the prices in your country’s currency e.g. Shillings, Rupees, Rands, Pesos, Pounds e.t.c . When you download it, you just adjust the figures on the inputs sheet (Required details include the number of hectares, costs of fertilizers, salaries, selling prices of the cabbages etc). After entering the required details, the excel template will automatically generate all the financial statements (Income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, break even analysis, payback period analysis, start-up costs, financial graphs, revenue and expenses, Bank Loan Amortization).
Click below to download the Contents Page of the Cabbage Farming Business Plan (PDF)
Get the Cabbage Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)
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