Beef cattle farming involves breeding cows to get calves, which are then raised and sold for beef. Beef cattle farming is a very profitable business, and many people are making money all over the world by starting cow-calf operations businesses. However, to build a successful, sustainable beef cattle ranching business, you require sufficient knowledge of how to efficiently keep the beef cattle, good management skills, and a good beef cattle farming business plan. This article will outline how to start the cattle farming business, and the beef cattle farming business plan – PDF, Word and Excel.

Cattle farming is a lucrative business, providing income for millions of people, but there are some essential things you need to do before you venture into the cow-calf production business. You have to decide on the size of your beef cattle farming project i.e. the size of your cattle herd; location of the beef cattle farming business e.g. a cattle ranching farm , and your target market. These choices will be affected by the amount of capital you have, and the size of your target market.

If you do not have a lot of capital, you can always start small and grow your beef cattle breeding project overtime. You also need to carry out market research (Who are you going to sell the cattle to? At what price?) and write a cow-calf operations business plan before you start the  project.

What you need


Land is an important factor when you are starting a cattle ranching business. When selecting land for your cattle farm, some important considerations include: availability of good grass and pasture for grazing, availability of good, quality water supply, land size in relation to size of your cattle herd and soil type as it affects forage production potential.  Other factors include availability of already made infrastructure like pens, sheds, buildings, as constructing new working facilities and buildings on a cattle farm is expensive.

Housing And Equipment For Beef Cattle Farming Business

To be successful in the beef cattle ranching business, you need to provide proper shelter and housing for your cattle. Beef cattle can be negatively affected by mud, harsh winds, and extreme low temperatures. The design and type of beef cattle facilities should take into consideration the need to provide the required space, feed, shelter, water, waste management and livestock handling features. There are different structures which can be used for a cattle farm, and these include barns, open front sheds, cattle pens and corrals. Other cattle handling structures include crowding pens, sorting corrals, working chutes & gates, squeeze gates and sick pens. However the necessity of the structures depends on the scale of the cattle farming business. 

The cattle ranch farm also requires good fencing. Pasture fencing for cow-calf operations business is a necessity, so as to contain the cattle and manage their grazing. This can be done by barbed wire, high tensile smooth wire or electric fencing. Equipment necessary for a beef cattle farming business include cattle drinking equipment, feeding equipment, buckets & pails, livestock trailer, and manure spreader. Your cattle farming business plan should take into account the cost of purchasing or renting the land, structures and buying the equipment. 

Breeding Stock for Beef Cattle Farming

To start a beef cattle production business, you require the breeding stock. The breeding stock consists of male cattle which are known as bulls, and female cattle/cows. Alternatively, instead of using bulls, you can use artificial insemination for breeding the cattle. When choosing breeding stock for the beef cattle farming business, you should take note of the health history of the cattle. It’s advisable to purchase the breeding stock from reputable sources. The breeds you choose will affect the beef production potential of your cattle farming business. Some breeds are better than others at producing cattle with good beef quality. Other characteristics which vary among breeds include calving ease, milking ability, feed conversion, diseases resistance, longevity and average birth weight. The most popular breeds used in the the beef cattle farming business include Angus, Brahman, Hereford, Shorthorn, Nguni, Africander among others.

Feed And Nutrition

Success in the beef cow-calf production business is also greatly affected by the feeding program. The feeding program of the beef production business should ensure that adequate nutrition is provided to both the cows and calves at all growth stages and during all seasons. This should be done while keeping an eye on the feed costs, as they greatly affect profitability of the beef cattle farming business. Failure to provide adequate feeding for the beef cattle results in low reproductive performance, poor growth of the calves and poor disease resistance. These factors all lead to reduced revenues for the beef cattle production business, thus lower profits. Feeding programs of beef farming are usually based on pasture grazing, in combination with supplementary feed. The supplementary feed for cow-calf operations include hay, salts & minerals, concentrates, silage, commercial beef feed, fodder, corn and grains. 

cow farm business plan

Cattle grazing in pasture

Capital for Cattle Ranching Business

The amount of capital required for the beef cattle breeding business depends on the scale of the project. When starting a cow-calf operations business, most of the capital goes to acquiring the land, building infrastructure, and buying the breeding stock. You can get a loan from the bank, or funding from investors, to use as capital to start your beef cattle farming business. If you plan to raise capital from investors and a loan from the bank, you need a good cattle ranching business plan. If you don’t have access to investors and bank loan, you can use your personal savings and start small, and grow your business overtime. Beef cattle farming is profitable, so if you reinvest the profits you get, you can grow over time. Even if you are not planning to get a loan, you should still get a beef cattle farming project plan to guide you in starting and operating the business. It is essential for you to have a beef cattle farming business plan before you venture into the cattle ranching business, so that you know all the costs involved and you make an informed decision.

Market for Beef

The market for beef cattle is very huge and is ever increasing, annual beef global demand exceeds 60 million tonnes. You can sell live cattle or slaughter and sell as beef. The market for cattle/beef includes supplying to butcher shops, abattoirs, auctions, schools, companies, individual households, farmers, restaurants, organisations, supermarkets, events etc. It’s important for the beef cattle farming business plan to include a proper marketing plan to use in your beef farming business.

The export market for beef is also very huge! As you grow your cattle farming business you will be able to export the beef to other countries.  The largest importers of beef are Russia, United States of America, Japan, China, South Korea, European Union, Hong Kong, Egypt, Canada, Chile and Malaysia. Currently, the top producers of beef are United States of America, Brazil, European Union, China, India, Argentina, Australia, Mexico, Pakistan, Turkey and Russia.

Pre-Written Beef Cattle Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel): Comprehensive Version, Short Funding/Bank Loan Version and Automated Financial Statements

For an in-depth analysis of the beef cattle farming business, we encourage you to purchase our well-researched and comprehensive cattle farming business plan. We introduced the business plans after discovering that many were venturing into the beef cattle production business without enough knowledge and understanding of how to run the cattle ranching business, how to keep the calves, lack of understanding of the financial side of the business, lack of understanding of : the industry, the risks involved , costs and profitability of the business; which often leads to disastrous losses.

The StartupBiz Global cow-calf operations business plan will make it easier for you to launch and run your beef cattle farming business successfully, fully knowing what you are going into, and what’s needed to succeed in the business. It will be easier to plan and budget as you will be aware of all the costs involved in setting up and running the cattle ranching business.

Uses of the Beef Cattle Ranching Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

The beef cattle farming business plan can be used for many purposes including:

  • Raising capital from investors/friends/relatives
  • Applying for a bank loan
  • Start-up guide to launch your beef cattle farming business
  • As a beef cattle farming business proposal
  • Assessing profitability of the beef cattle production business
  • Finding a business partner
  • Assessing the initial start-up costs so that you know how much to save
  • Manual for current business owners to help in business and strategy formulation

Contents of the Cow-Calf Operations Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

The beef cattle farming business plan include, but not limited to:

  • Marketing Strategy
  • Financial Statements (monthly cash flow projections, income statements, cash flow statements, balance sheets, break even analysis, payback period analysis, start-up costs, financial graphs, revenue and expenses, Bank Loan Amortization)
  • Risk Analysis
  • Industry Analysis
  • Market Analysis
  • SWOT & PEST Analysis
  • Operational Requirements (Including technical aspects of how to keep the cattle, feed requirements etc)
  • Operational Strategy
  • Why some people in beef cattle farming business fail, so that you can avoid their mistakes
  • Ways to raise capital to start your cattle farm business

The Pre-written beef cattle farm business plan package consists of 4 files

  1. Beef Cattle Farming Business Plan – PDF file (Comprehensive Version – 121 Pages)
  2. Cattle Farming Business Plan – Editable Word File (Comprehensive Version – 121 Pages)
  3. Beef Cattle Farming Business Plan Funding/Bank Loan Version- Editable Word File (Short version for applying for a loan/funding – 51 pages)
  4. Beef Cattle Farming Business Plan Automated Financial Statements – (Editable Excel File)

The business plan can be used in any country and can be easily edited. The financial statements are automated. This implies that you can change eg the number of cattle, selling price of the cattle etc, and all the other financial statements will automatically adjust to reflect the change.

Click below to download the Contents Page of the Beef Cattle Farming Business Plan (PDF)

beef cattle farming business plan

Get the Beef Cattle Farming Business Plan (PDF, Word And Excel)

Click Buy Now below to purchase using Paypal, Credit Card, or Debit Card. After you have purchased, you will see the download link for the business plan package on the screen. We will also email you the download link.

The Pre-written business plan package (PDF, Word, and Excel) costs $30 only!

cow-calf production business plan

If you want to purchase multiple business plans at once then click here: Business Plans Store.

The business plan package is a zipped compressed file containing the PDF, Word and Excel documents. To open the package after downloading it, just right click, and select Extract All. If you have any problems in downloading and opening the files, email us on and we will assist you.

We wish you the best in your beef cattle farming business! Check out our collection of business plans , and more business ideas.